There are three different body types professionals use to talk about health and fitness. They are helpful for dancers to understand as well.
Benefits of being an ectomorph body type are that you don’t have to worry about dieting. You can usually eat whatever you want without having it show up on your body. You probably have nice lines and have an easier time with things like being lifted and pointe work. You will probably excel in long, graceful movement and extensions.
The downsides are that your potential for strong, powerful muscles is low. Because your muscles are smaller, you are more susceptible to injuries, especially around joints and the back. It is also easier for ectomorphs to not eat well. You will need to train yourself to eat well for stamina and energy instead of for how it makes you look. You will probably be challenged by quick, supportive choreography and floor work.
Danny Tidwell and Allegra Kent are both ectomorphic dancers.
Endomorphs are characterized as potentially very muscular. They usually have shorter limbs and compact bodies. They put on muscle and weight fairly easily.
Some benefits of being an endomorph are the potential to be very strong and dynamic movers. You can power through tough exercises that involve being on and off the floor. You typically also have an easier time being grounded in your movement.
Some challenges of this body type are that it is easier for you to put on weight. This can be frustrating, but manageable. You are just going to have to pay attention to your diet and exercise more than some of your friends. You will also have to really reach through movement to create the lines that some choreography looks for.
Shane Sparks and Donyelle Jones are good examples of endomorphic dancers.
People who are mesomorphs have a typical athletic build. They can build muscle fairly well easily and may look like they work out even if they don’t. They can put on weight more easily then ectomorphs but not as easily as endomorphs.
Benefits of being a mesomorph include being naturally athletic and often having more energy. Because your physical attributes are kind ‘of in the middle of the spectrum it can be easier for you to adapt to a wide range of techniques.
As a mesomorph, you do need to stay aware of your diet as you can gain weight. You also need to be sure to learn good health habits. Even though it might seem that you don’t need to work out and eat well now, it will become more important as you age.
Natalie and Musa are good examples of the typical mesomorph body type.